Evaluation is increasingly recognized as an essential component of visualization research. However, evaluation itself is a changing area of research. New methods to extend and validate our research continue to emerge. This 1/2-day tutorial at IEEE Vis 2016 is designed for beginning to intermediate audiences. We will focus on qualitative research methods using a mixture of talks and hands-on activities. After completing this tutorial, people will have a richer understanding of the benefits and challenges of qualitative empirical research.